Discover Wisdom Tooth Extraction/Removal
All human adults have 32 teeth. Towards the back of our mouths, we have 2 sets of molars in each jaw which help us with grinding our food.
Wisdom teeth are a third set of molars in the back of our mouth. They tend to emerge between the ages of 17 and 25 years. Their emergence is usually first seen on X-rays. Wisdom tooth extraction/removal refers to the minor surgical procedure to remove one or more of the wisdom teeth.
When is it Required?
Wisdom tooth extraction/removal is usually required when a wisdom tooth is:
- Impacted (doesn’t have room to grow)
- Causing pain
- Causing infection
- Causing dental caries in adjacent teeth as it might be growing in undesired direction
- Causing check bite & ulcerations
- Difficult to clean and maintain hygiene
- Irritation in surrounding gum areas
What is the Procedure?
During the initial consultation, the dentist will determine how the tooth is to be extracted, discuss any health issues the person may have, the medications they are on and which type of anesthesia will be used. The surgery may take approximately 45 minutes to an hour.
During the surgery, the dentist first administers the anesthesia. Then a small incision is made in the gums or bone to extract the wisdom tooth. The incision is then stitched shut to help it heal quickly.
Wisdom tooth removal/extraction can have numerous advantages such as
- Reduction in pain and infections
- Improved oral health
- Improved oral hygiene
- Increased space for other teeth to emerge and grow
- Less chances of damage to surrounding teeth
- Better alignment of the teeth
- Preventing future dental problems
The amount of pain experienced varies from person to person with most people experiencing no or very little pain. A small amount of swelling and mild discomfort may be experienced for around 3 days. The mouth may need a few weeks to completely heal.
Depending upon the nature of the wisdom tooth extraction/removal, the dentist may give a list of do’s and don’ts to follow. If any pain, fever, swelling or infection is experienced, the dentist should be immediately informed. It is important to follow the dentist’s instructions in order for effective healing to occur.
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